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Pneumonia: A comprehensive guide to causes, symptoms and treatment


What is pneumonia?


As performed in many medical dictionaries, Pneumonia is an infection caused by certain types of viruses. If you are unlucky to experience bacterial pneumonia you will have to get acquainted with shortness of breath, coughing and other difficulties in breathing.

Pneumonia appears to be a Greek word which means “lungs” and is likely to occur in persons of all ages and races. Children of certain ages are also likely to experience bacterial pneumonia though the methods of treating them are quite different. It should be also mentioned that young children and people of the elder age are at higher risk.


Pneumonia



What Are the Main Causes of  Pneumonia?


Bacterial pneumonia is an illness many people are suffering from due to many factors. Sometimes they do not even guess that they have to experience this disease mostly because it’s quite difficult to distinguish one type of illness from another.
But still if we talk about bacterial pneumonia causes we are to mention certain facts in order to be aware of the details.
Bacteria or virus is a most common cause of pneumonia. Various types of pneumonia are able to take place at any age, though there is certain age when people are at higher risk to catch pneumonia.


The so-called Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Chlamydia trachomatis are the most general causes of bacterial pneumonia. The process of inhaling toxic materials may cause chemical pneumonia.
The inhabitants of certain areas of the USA are likely to experience pneumonia caused by fungi. Such a fungal infection has the name of coccidioidomycosis and it may lead to the so-called Valley fever. Pneumonias may also be caused by histoplasmosis and blastomycosis and show the result of other fungal diseases.


Many people are interested how they are able to get infected with pneumonia as this illness is a kind of infection that can be easily transmitted from one person to another. Shortly speaking, on the one hand you can catch pneumonia from someone who already has the disease. If an infected person is in the same room with you the constituents are able to pass from one organism to another. Here we do mention the example of the so-called Valley fever known in the USA mostly.


Another way to catch bacterial or infectious pneumonia is to get the harmful elements from the improperly cleaned air conditioner. Be particularly careful when staying near such an equipment and do not risk your health. But still, the mentioned above sources are not the only ones that may cause bacterial pneumonia. Another illness existing in your body may also lead to bacterial pneumonia. In other words, if you already have kidney, for instance, you are likely to have infection in your lungs later as the infection is able to spread throughout the body up to other parts.


It should be mentioned again that the main causes of bacterial pneumonia lay in the result of catching the specific type of virus, bacteria or fungus. Shortly speaking, the higher the risk of inhaling infectious organisms is, the more possibilities to catch pneumonia you have. Obviously, the chance of catching pneumonia decreases with the ability of your organism to fight infections. That’s why it’s particularly necessary to improve your immune system and support it by taking vitamins or taking care of your organism.


Keep in mind as well, that any type of bacterial pneumonia is not likely to appear if you haven’t dressed properly or because of cold weather. You aren’t able to get bacterial pneumonia by catching under the rain. The main causes are various kinds of bacteria.


Pneumonia Signs And Symptoms. Some tips to help you keep safe


Each year, approximately 5-10 million people contract pneumonia. Of these 5-10 million, 1 million wind up with symptoms severe enough to require hospitalization.


Treatment for pneumonia is done with antibiotics, and total recovery time takes approximately 7-10 days. Drinking plenty of fluids, eating a healthy diet, breathing exercises, and following up with your doctor all help to minimize the duration of the infection


Signs and symptoms of pneumonia to watch for:


Mucus Producing Cough – Mucus cough, also known as sputum cough, may have distinct coloring (green or tinted with blood), and is often experienced in cases of pneumonia.

Fever – At the onset, your body attempts to fight the infection through generating additional T-Cells. This additional work the body has to do, in addition to the infection itself, causes your body to overheat/have a fever.

Chills – Chills are most often experienced along with fever as an accompanying side effect of the fever causing you to sweat.

Chest Pain – Chest pain in the wall of the lungs that gets worse when breathing in.

After the first day of antibiotic treatment, the infection is usually reduced to a level that can’t be spread contagiously.


What Are The Causes Of Pneumonia?


Bacteria virus and fungi that collect in the air we breathe are a frequent cause of pneumonia. When large collections of bacteria collect in a living /work space (or any area where extended periods of bacteria/virus/fungi exposure occur), the immune system weakens because of the unhealthy environment. Contracting bacterial pneumonia then becomes a genuine risk and can develop over a course of time.


Contrary to popular belief, pneumonia is often present in the air we breathe, we just don’t get sick from it because our immune system is able to fight it off naturally. A clean living environment, healthy diet, and a lifestyle rich in exercise all help to keep us strong and resistant to disease.


Pneumonia is an opportunistic infection. Meaning, if you have a weakened immune system due to drug therapy, poor living conditions, pre-existing disease, or other reasons, you’ll be more vulnerable to contracting pneumonia.


People get sick from pneumonia the most often not because of a SINGLE contributing factor, but from MULTIPLE factors combining to form an opportunistic environment where infection thrives/multiplies.


Example : A history of bad eating habits, dirty cat litter boxes, dirty floors and walls, moldy brick dust, and a moist basement environment is an example of an environment 

 good health can’t prosper and infection can take hold.


What Are Some More Pneumonia Risk Factors?


Dirty, wet, moist, and moldy conditions increase the risk and severity of pneumonia.

A sedentary lifestyle without exercise combined with an unhealthy diet.

Smoking and/or hereditary lung diseases such as asthma and COPD.

Infants (less than 1 year of age), are especially vulnerable to pneumonia because they’re immune systems aren’t fully developed yet.


Patients taking medications are at a higher risk, as drugs designed to treat specific conditions weaken the immune system’s ability to fight disease. The drugs treat the original condition, but often have side effects that increase infection risk.


Recreational drug use increases the risk for many types of infection (including bacterial pneumonia).

Age. As we get older, our immune systems become less able to fight infection.

Physical contact with people already sick from pneumonia is one of the most common ways this disease is spread.

Some Facts About Pneumonia To Help Keep You Safe


A Clean Living Environment And Healthy Lifestyle Reduces Pneumonia Risk – If you know you’re at risk for getting sick from pneumonia, it helps to keep your situation in perspective and know what your options are for the best chance at survival.

For example, knowing your living or work environment is dirty prompts you to take the best care of your body that you can. Cleaning frequently to achieve a healthy living space helps immensely. This means putting forth all the effort you can to clean, but at the same time not overexerting yourself.


Hydrogen peroxide, extra oxygen (from a portable oxygen concentrator), steam therapy, a healthy diet, exercise, additional hygiene, and an abundance of activities to keep you in good spirits, motivated, and busy helps a lot too.


  • Pneumonia Can Be Deadly – Although with proper medical treatment so widely available, death from pneumonia is rare. But it has been known to happen. People with pre-existing medical conditions should be especially careful to follow their doctors orders precisely, as well as contribute to their own recovery through additional therapy.

  • Proper Breastfeeding Can Help Safeguard Your Baby – An infant’s first 6 months is the most crucial time to breastfeed your baby. It’s during this time that a baby needs mother’s milk most to establish the “building blocks” of a healthy imComplications


Bacterial Pneumonia Complications


Bacterial pneumonia is a significantly common disease that can have serious complications if the disease goes untreated. This disease can even lead to death if it’s not treated within the beginning stages. Every single year it’s estimated that over 60,000 die from bacterial pneumonia. It’s hard to believe such a tragic disease could have started from an infection of the lungs.


This infection can actually be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungus, and so many other organisms. Bacterial pneumonia has been known to show more significant damage in the young as well as the elderly. This is often due to the weaker immune system within these patients. This can lead to serious complications that if it goes untreated it could eventually lead to hospitalization or death.


Bacterial infections can come from so many different sources including touching contaminated objects, inhaling air that is carrying bacteria in droplets. Though this disease is a harsh reality. Before it starts, in most cases the lungs will fight the infection! Be sure to be extra careful after being contaminated with the flu or common cold. This will give the pneumonia more of a chance to thrive within the weaker immune system.


There are so many complications that can occur when infected by this disastrous disease. One of the many complications that could occur is known as blood bactermia. Blood bactermia can spread to other organs making the infection far more serious and deadly. Another complication that can have a deadly outcome is fluid build up in the lungs. This fluid can become infected and would need removal right away before more serious complications took place.


Prevention of pneumonia


If the complications do not take place during the stay of your newly contracted disease, a remedy is at hand. This remedy includes antibiotic medicines such as penicillin. Being sure to follow the directions the doctor gave you and following them through to the end will give you the power to fight off the disease and keep it away! This is really the goal from the beginning.


Being sure to make appointments for check ups every year will minimize your chance for infection. This is the smart way to go about staying healthy for you and your family. If you ever feel that you have any symptoms, be sure to make a quick trip to your family doctor right away. This will ensure your health and will keep you at a peace of mind.


Bacterial pneumonia


Bacterial Pneumonia treatment? Where information

Bacterial pneumonia is an illness that requires treatment and necessary care in order to prevent you from the spread of the illness and to make sure the immune system is in a good state. You may easily support the immune system by taking vitamins, such as different fruits, juices, certain elements. But make sure you are not allergic to some components of the food not to make the situation even worse.


Bacterial Pneumonia Treatment



In case a patient experiences coughing or fever, he or she has to perform an immediate check-up to make sure he does not experience bacterial pneumonia.

Still, if bacterial pneumonia takes place, certain course of antibiotics is prescribed to support the whole organism. The doctor will take a notice of your state; he will examine you carefully and decide what medicines will be good for you in this particular case. Usually, 5 or 10 days of biotherapy is quite enough for antibiotic therapy. But still there should be mentioned that such therapy is not suitable for everybody.


 That’s why a doctor first examines the patient to clarify the age, the signs and the symptoms. After this he will be able to define the diagnosis. Most specialists recommend a well-known antibiotic with bactericide effects on a great amount of bacteria. Bacterial pneumonia could be easily cured by most antibiotics. Though you have to remember that not all the antibiotics are suitable for the people of the elder age.


If somebody experiencing less severe cases he or she may be prescribed certain possible treatments such as Macolides (e.g. Biaxin, Biaxin XL), Tetracyclines (Doxycycline), Fluoroquinolones (Levaquin or Avelox). If hospital care is required then the mentioned antibiotics could be added as additional medicines. But sever cases of pneumonia could be treated with the help of Cephalosporines (e.g. Ceclor or Duricef), Penicilin(e.g. Augumentin) and Vancomycin. An antibiotic class called Ketolides may be helpful for treating moderate pneumonia.


The results of bacterial pneumonia treatment are to be seen in 2-3 days after the beginning of the course. Maybe additional bacterial culture and testing will be needed. However, some tests will let the doctor determine if you organism has developed a kind of resistance to the particular antibiotic.
It should be necessarily mentioned that people of 65 years may experience bacterial pneumonia as a result of some other illnesses (such as kidney, for example). Moreover, people of this age are not able to take antibiotics because of the increased sensitivity their organism performs. Due to this fact, in case of bacterial pneumonia, hospitalization is required.


Bacterial pneumonia may also be caused by viruses causing the flu or the varicella-zoster virus causing chicken-pox. Viral types of pneumonia could be treated by home stay and care. Such pneumonia causes are to be cured by Acyclovir.
Sometimes, if the case is not severe, hospitalization is not needed but you still have to identify the bacteria responsible for the pneumonia. Naturally, additional testing will be performed in order to get all the necessary information.


Natural Treatments of Bacterial Pneumonia


Bacterial pneumonia is an illness caused by certain virus. It may occur in men, women, children and people of the elder age. Bacterial pneumonia could be easily transmitted from somebody who already experiences the illness or even easily catch the illness from the improperly cleaned conditioner.


Here we do define the most well-known natural herbs for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia.
For instance, the Chinese mushrooms cordyceps are widely used to support the lungs. The treatment is available in a tonic formula. This miraculous formula has been created to help the lungs function in the proper way. Elderberry has antiviral properties and helps reducing bacterial pneumonia symptoms such as coughing or congestion, for example. The usage of the herbs is not possible if a person suffers from anxiety, glaucoma, heart disease, high blood pressure or insomnia.


Many people admit that Eucalyptus has medical properties. Moreover, it may be quite helpful while treating bacterial pneumonia. Here we mention eucalyptus oil as a miraculous means for relieving congestion. In order to gain the desired results you are advised to put a few drops of the oil into a hot bath or just add 6 drops in a cup of boiling water for better results. After that just put a towel over your hand and inhale vapors.


Olive leaf extract is also a good means of supporting the immune system. As a good state of the immune system, it is the first and the most important step to the treatment of bacterial pneumonia.


Improving the immune system


What else can you provide your immune system with?Here we mention certain means of improving the immune system for better results. Fresh juices, soups, quality water are good ways of flushing out the body. Try different herbal teas in order to support the organism. A good rest is an excellent source of a good condition of the immune system. 


The more you sleep the better you feel and the fewer illnesses you will possess. Another recommendation any doctor will provide you with is the advice not to take zinc together with citrus fruits or juices. This is due to the fact that citrus fruits will absolutely reduce the effectiveness of the zinc. But be attentive while consuming a lot of fruits because not all of them help you prevent bacterial pneumonia. You’d better ask a good specialist before taking any decisive steps.


Bacterial pneumonia may appear a serious problem for those who are over 60 years old. Antibiotics are not likely to help if a person of this age experiences bacterial pneumonia. On the other hand, a person suffering from bacterial pneumonia is able to strengthen his immune system and to attack the illness directly. When the organism is sick or experiences stress, he makes a step to pneumonia. This is due to the fact that, as many scientists declare, psychological stress may cause bacterial pneumonia and other kinds of disease. So take care of yourself because this is the best prevention of any illness.


Bacterial Pneumonia in the Life of Children and Infants


According to medical dictionaries, bacterial pneumonia is the disease caused by a virus. It is the so-called parenchymal tissue inflammation in the lungs. What is notable, the disease is likely to be experienced by infants and children. When we deal with statistics we notice about 34-40 cases per 1000 children every year.


In order to define if a child experiences pneumonia, he needs to be checked up thoroughly. For this reason, the doctor talks to a child and clarifies the features of his state. In some cases the doctor does a chest x-ray and performs certain laboratory tests. It should be mentioned that the age of the child is one of the most important factors. Here we do speak about the main causes of pneumonia. For instance, pneumonia of newborn babies is usually the result of the transmission.


Shortly speaking, if a mother has bacterial pneumonia, her newborn baby will be also likely to experience the same disease. For this reason we mention Escherichia coli, Streptococcus group B, and Listeria monocytogenes. It should be noted that the child of 3 weeks and 3 months is able to have bacterial pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and viruses. As mentioned above, we observe certain features and causes of bacterial pneumonia according to the age of the child. In comparison with other ages, the children of 4 months and 5 years are likely to come across bacterial pneumonia caused by a virus named respiratory syncytial virus (the so-called RSV).


Still, how is mother able to distinguish certain features of the illness and how will she recognize the signs of bacterial pneumonia? While talking about various kinds of pneumonia we define fever, cyanosis (e.g. bluish, especially on the lips), cough, nose flaring or retracted chest wall. Besides, there does exist an additional voice in breathing. If the child can talk he will be able to complain and to describe the signs he experiences. For example, he may easily differentiate shortness of breath and tells the mother or the doctor about the symptoms.


While the doctor will examine your child you (or the child itself) will have to answer certain important questions. For instance, the doctor may be interested in the age of the child, the immunization status and even the history of lodging in the hospital. In order to choose the appropriate treatment and to define the diagnosis the doctor has to find out everything.


In case there are signs of tachypnea 2-year-old kids are likely to experience bacterial pneumonia. Here it’s really important to define the age of the child in order to outline if he or she really performs tachypnea. The calculation of times per minute in infants must be defined precisely in one minute.
According to the symptoms, we define various types of therapy. In some of the cases an urgent hospitalization is required. In other case, the usage of antibiotics is prescribed. Anyway, before buying any medicines, consult the doctor.


What Should We Do When Secondary Bacterial Pneumonia Followed Influenza?


serious forgotten problem such as secondary bacterial pneumonia that follows influenza is reemerging. There are many fatal cases that arise after frequent complications of influenza. Nowadays there are known many treatments that are not very effective activating immune system and causing inflammation in the lungs. An appropriate therapeutic approach should be formulated in order to understand the contribution of the previous bacterial infection, the state of the immune system and how an invading bacteria influences on the organism.


 New alternative strategies of treatment and long term therapies targeted at pathogenous processes should be worked out as soon as possible in order to prevent or cope with dangerous fulminating infections. Hopefully, in the near future there will be many different and efficacious strategies of disarming pathogens without removing them.


Starting from 1930s there was only one common paradigm of bacterial pneumonia treatment that is based on quick and thorough killing of all harmful invading organisms. Despite existing novelties and our developed armamentarium secondary bacterial pneumonia remains to be a serious worldwide problem.

The main cause of the problem of pneumonia


 The main reason of the existing problem is that influenza viruses worsen the disease severity all over the world and increase the necessity for clinical help in treatment of secondary bacterial pneumonia. Some time ago influenza and bacterial pneumonia were considered to be the 5th main cause of children’s death and the 7th cause for all other categories of people living in the Unites States. Many of us should have heard about the Spanish Flu pandemic that happened in 1918. At that time nearly 50 million people died and, moreover, many of them died of secondary bacterial pneumonia that was impossible to cure.


The world is developing these days and the problems do not disappear but they obtain new characteristics and forms. Nowadays there are many respiratory tract infections in the USA that can be fatal for children. But anyway we should also take into consideration the fact that children who live in developing countries are dying of secondary bacterial pneumonia 25 times more often than those living in the USA. Therefore, it is very urgent to think about new efficacious approaches and strategies that could change the present situation.


It is also known that in 1937 there was a very high level of mortality because of secondary bacterial pneumonia. It was discovered that it was better to cure infections separately with a certain period of recovery than when they were combined with other ones. Even when people invented antibiotics the situation didn’t change.


Many experiments were made on mice in order to verify specific hypotheses concerning the evaluation of new strategies of treatment for secondary bacterial pneumonia that follows influenza. Finally, it was found that traditional methods of treatment are not so effective as they should be. Despite the clearance of the bacteria from lungs, mice were not able to cope with pulmonary infections.
That is why the subject of secondary bacterial pneumonia treatment following influenza should be highlighted in the nearest time and many therapeutic investigations should be performed in order to show some good and advanced resulTime



Bacterial Pneumonia Recovery Time


So, you wake up with the worst fever you have ever had. Not one symptom of the bug holds out, instead it’s more like a nightmare because these symptoms all seem to attack at around the same time. Now you know it’s time to go to the hospital and find out that it’s about. It’s even worse than you thought bacterial pneumonia.


The first thought that enters your mind is “how long is this going to take to leave my system?” Well, this actually depends on many different factors that include age, health, immunity, and so much more. The severity of this disease is the biggest factor when it comes to the time it takes to get better. But, isn’t there an exact time frame for each of these factors? Yes, there actually can be an approximate time frame that you can take into consideration.


If you’re a young and healthy patient who seems to be optimistic, you should be. The average time for the disease to dissipate for a young and healthy male is just between one and two weeks. This goes the same for those who find out they have received the disease in the beginning stages. For those who are elderly and for those who are young in age it can often take as many as two to three weeks to see any progress made.


Most infected humans must stay located at the hospital between one and four days. These are all very minimum times when you find out that your cough can last from six all the way to eight weeks! This is a huge time frame to have any annoying trait you just don’t want to deal with. Did you know that there are also some tips to help you reduce the bacterial pneumonia recovery time even quicker?


Knowing that this disease is contagious should keep you from infecting others. Be sure to have treatments of penicillin and erythromycin. These antibiotics need to be taken as the doctors order reads. Any smoking or alcohol abuse can prolong this uncomfortable experience and even cause the symptoms to get more severe. Always be sure to get regular doctors check ups. This will keep you on top of your health and keep you ready for the next day. If you ever feel that you’re coming down with any of the listed symptoms be sure to seek a doctors help immediately.


How to Protect Yourself from Bacterial Pneumonia?


Everyone knows that it is very easy to come in contact with those people who are sick especially these days. There is one case that happened not so long ago in one family. The wife had a condition of chronic low blood platelets. Some time passed and her spleen was removed. It is known that the main function of the spleen in every organism is to help the body to fight with any kind of infection. Since that time the woman was less protected. For that reason the husband decided to opt a vaccine against pneumonia as the vaccination is considered to be also the most effective means from bacterial pneumonia.


Many people are highly recommended to get pneumococcal vaccination. This vaccination is a good method of precluding a particular type of lung infection that is usually produced with the help of Pneumococcus bacterium. In general there are more than 80 different serotypes of pneumococcus bacteria. And the above mentioned vaccination covers 23 of them. 


There is no problem for the rest of serotypes as the majority of infections are caused by these 23 types that the vaccine covers. The vaccine is injected into a body in order to help the organism simulate a good work of immune system so that it can create antibodies that will be able to prevent a person from Pneumococcus bacterium. Such method of simulation is called immunization.


Vaccination recommendations


There are certain groups of people who should consider pneumococcal vaccination as a recommended one. They are adults who are more than 65 years old, children between 2 months and 2 years old who have chronic heart or lung disorders, with spleen dysfunction or lack of an important spleen function, with immunosuppressant and metabolic diseases comprising diabetes, those people who are going to have a surgical operation on the removal of the spleen (2 weeks before the planned operation). There are interesting facts that some American Indian populations and Alaskan natives must also be vaccinated. Children up to 5 years old who didn’t receive the vaccination in earlier years should be vaccinated too.


It is not a surprise that many people who belong to a high-risk group do not get the vaccine when needed. Either they don’t know or they do not consider their case serious or perhaps they don’t even suspect that they are in a high-risk group. There are many different reasons. But still they have to understand that they can be hospitalized in case of serious problems and undergo many tests in order to verify the bacterial pneumonia infection.


Many people prefer to take antibiotics that are thought to be effective against pneumococcal bacteria but when the problem becomes life-threatening the vaccine is the only solution that can prevent a patient from fatal consequences.


Pneumonia can be caused by other microbes but not only by pneumococcus bacteria, therefore, the pneumococcal vaccination is not effective in these cases and will not protect from such situations.

Anyway take precautions and get a vaccine that protects against bacterial pneumonia.

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